Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2012

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering

First Advisor

Dragan Maksimovic

Second Advisor

Robert Erickson

Third Advisor

Regan Zane

Fourth Advisor

Zoya Popovic

Fifth Advisor

Jianliang Xiao

Abstract

Cellular handset evolution requires the front end transmitter to support multiple 3G/4G bands for global roaming, and also to be backward compatible with the existing 2G (quad-band GSM/EDGE) network. The cost and size would be prohibitive if one power amplifier (PA) only supports one band or if multiple supplies are required for multiple PAs. Solutions of interest are based on multi-standard multi-band PAs (e.g. 2 multi-mode PAs instead of 8+ mode-specific PAs), and an efficient power supply that supports these multi-mode PAs.

The thesis starts with a study of PA supply architectures and DC-DC converters. A series architecture consisting of a boost converter followed by a buck converter has advantages of low-noise buck converter output, together with the ability to deliver full power at low battery voltages to extend the battery life. The buck converter presents a constant power load for the boost converter, which raises stability concerns. Small-signal control-to-output transfer functions are derived for peak or valley current mode controlled boost converter with a downstream regulated converter modeled as constant power load. It is shown how current mode control provides active damping to ensure stability and well-behaved dynamic response. Furthermore, it is shown how load current feedforward presents an effective way to improve power load transient response. Modeling and design approaches are validated by test circuit simulations, demonstrating stable operations using current mode control under constant power loads, and improved power step load transient response based on load current feedforward.

A buck/boost and LDO series architecture is proposed as the solution to address efficiency, linearity, noise and time mask requirements for the supplies supporting multi-standard, multi-band PAs. A monolithic integrated circuit (IC) has been designed and implemented in a standard 0.5 5V CMOS process for supplying the multi-mode PAs. The buck/boost converter with wide output range delivers the peak efficiency of 92%. The power LDO has 1-4 MHz bandwidth, to support the GSM/EDGE/WCDMA time mask requirements and the polar EDGE operation. The test chip consumes the quiescent current 1.1 mA, and it delivers maximum 5 W output.

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