Date of Award

Spring 1-1-2013

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry & Biochemistry

First Advisor

Arthur J. Nozik

Second Advisor

Gordana Dukovic

Third Advisor

Niels H. Damrauer

Abstract

We have measured the temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) and quantum yield (QY) of a series of alkanedithiol-treated PbS quantum dot (QD) films as a function of QD size and the length of the alkane chain. These films have PLQYs ranging 2% - 40% at 20 K, with the lowest values measured for shorter ligands and larger QD sizes. All films show PL quenching and shifting/narrowing with increased temperature characterized by exponential (Urbach) band tail behavior. The PLQY vs temperature takes a form derived from an Arrhenius-like dependence of activated charge separation. We also find temperature-dependent photoconductivity (σ), showing an Arrhenius relationship with inverse temperature (T-0.5 at lower temperature matching variable-range hopping model and T-1 at higher temperature corresponding to near-neighbor hopping model), is inversely related with temperature-dependent PL. This indicates that temperature-dependent PL is a relevant measure of transport properties in the presence of deep trap states and reasonably high charge carrier mobilities.

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